IRON deficiency anemia is caused by a lack of iron in the body. The deficiency can be treated by consuming more iron, either in your diet or with tablets. This iron-rich ‘superfood’ could help reverse the symptoms of anemia.
A lack of iron in the body can be caused by blood loss or pregnancy, or it could just be from not eating enough iron-rich foods.
There are certain foods and drinks you should consume more of and cut down on in order to boost iron levels.
One thing you should include more of in your diet is kale.
Kale is often hailed as being a ‘superfood’ – foods which are thought to have a very high nutritional value.
If your diet is partly causing your iron deficiency anaemia, your GP will tell you what foods are rich in iron so you can eat more of them. NHS
According to the NHS, curly kale, as well as other dark green leafy vegetables like watercress, are high in iron and could help to reverse an iron deficiency.
Other iron-rich foods include cereals and bread with extra iron in them, known as fortified cereals or bread.
Wholegrain, like brown rice, is also high in iron, as are nuts and soybean flour.
In addition, meat and liver contain a lot of iron, although the NHS advises avoiding liver during pregnancy.
Pulses, such as beans, peas, and lentils are also iron-rich, as is dried fruit.
According to the NHS, adult men need 8.7mg of iron a day.
Women between the age of 19 and 50 need 14.8mg of iron a day, but this drops to 8.7mg for women over 50.
This is due to women over the age of 50 going through the menopause and not losing blood through menstruation anymore.
On the other hand, if you have an iron deficiency, you should eat and drink less tea, coffee, milk and dairy.
You should also eat less food with high levels of phytic acid – such as wholegrain cereals.
This is because large amounts of these foods and drinks make it harder for your body to absorb iron.
“If your diet is partly causing your iron deficiency anaemia, your GP will tell you what foods are rich in iron so you can eat more of them,” said the NHS.
Symptoms of iron deficiency include tiredness and lack of energy, shortness of breath, noticeable heartbeats, and pale skin.
If you have anaemia, it is important to treat it, as otherwise you can be more at risk of illness and infection.
This is because a lack of iron affects the immune system.
You are also more at risk of developing heart and lung complications.
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