Colon cancer is also known as colorectal cancer or rectal cancer. This type of cancer starts in the inner lining of the rectum or colon. It may not cause symptoms right away but if it does, some of its common symptoms are:
- Dark stools, or blood in the stool
- Cramping or abdominal (belly) pain
- Weakness and fatigue
- Unintended weight loss
- Rectal bleeding
- A change in bowel habits, such as diarrhea, constipation, or narrowing of the stool, that lasts for more than a few days.
- A feeling that you need to have a bowel movement that is not relieved by doing so.
This disease is one of the main causes of death of many people around the world. Fortunately, with proper nutrition and eating the right food, we can lower our risk of colon cancer.
Broccoli is one of the healthiest veggies around the world. This cruciferous green vegetable powerhouses loads of nutrients for fewer calories. It is a great source of fiber which slows down digestion thus helping control body weight. We all know that excess weight is linked to an increased risk for various types of cancer.
Omega-3 fatty acids, which are found in fatty fishes like salmon, are beneficial for the heart and can possibly slow down the growth of cancer cells. According to research, people who ate fish instead of red meat were less likely to get rectal cancer.
Leafy greens are fiber-rich foods with a variety of health benefits. They contain tons of nutrients needed by the body to prevent different diseases. According to research, not getting enough of leafy greens a day, increases a person’s risk of contracting colorectal cancer.
Berries (Blueberries, strawberries blackberries, raspberries)
Berries are packed with anti-cancer nutrients such as vitamin C, fiber, vitamin A, folate, and ellagic acid which act as antioxidants that protect cells from damage caused by harmful molecules called free radicals and may slow or prevent the development of cancer, such as colorectal cancer.
Being a fiber-rich food, beans can help lower our risk of colon cancer. Consumption of it can be a good way of obtaining plant protein. Beans are also loaded with protein and vitamins B and E as well as flavonoids and antioxidants that inhibit tumors from growing and can protect against colon cancer. Eat beans at least twice a week to cut colon cancer risk by nearly 50%.
Due to its richness in fiber and vitamin C, oranges can protect us against cancer. It can also prevent us from gaining weight (another risk factor of cancer) since it is a low-calorie snack.
According to research, failure to hit the daily recommended amounts of fiber can increase a person’s risk of colon cancer. Lentils are packed with fiber that will surely get our digestive system moving. Have some of it in your salad or soup.
Other Tips For Colon Cancer Prevention
Limit Your Red And Processed Meats
Though red meat is a good source of protein, minerals, and vitamins, eating lots of it increases our risk of colorectal cancer.
Drink Water And Stay Hydrated
Enough amounts of water aid indigestion, constipation, and fatigue. Infusing plain water with berries or lemons can boost its effects on the body.
Choose Sources Of Healthy Fat
Opt for baked or broiled foods instead of fried and greasy foods. Healthy fats include olive oil, avocados, seeds, and nuts.
Stay Away From Excess Sugar
A colorectal cancer patient diet should always include a protein source and limit sugary drinks and desserts as well as refined carbohydrates.
Eat Small, Frequent Meals
Doing this enables the patient to get all the nutrition he needs as he is dealing with weight or appetite changes. Aside from this, eating in small amounts can also ease absorption and digestion.
Limit Caffeine And Alcohol
This can also help improve energy and many medications do not mix well with usual amounts of caffeine and alcohol.