The kidneys are two small organs located on either side of the spine, below the ribs.
They play an important role in:
- getting rid of excess waste
- balancing electrolytes
- creating hormones
In the absence of disease, a well-rounded diet and adequate water intake are usually enough to keep your kidneys healthy.
However, certain foods, herbs, and supplements can help support strong kidneys.
From your morning glass of water to that extra cup of herbal tea, here are four ways to cleanse your kidneys and keep them functioning strong.
1. Hydration Is Key
The adult human body is composed of almost 60 percent water. Every single organ, from the brain to the liver, requires water to function.
As the filtration system of the body, the kidneys require water to secrete urine. Urine is the primary waste product that allows the body to get rid of unwanted or unnecessary substances.
When water intake is low, urine volume is low. A low urine output may lead to kidney dysfunction, such as the creation of kidney stones.
It’s crucial to drink enough water so that the kidneys can properly flush out any excess waste materials. This is especially important during a kidney cleanse.
The recommended daily intake of fluids is roughly 3.7 liters and 2.7 liters a day for men and women, respectively, according to the Institute of Medicine.
2. Choose Foods That Support Kidney Health
A handful of red grapes makes a great afternoon snack — and they taste even better frozen!
Cranberries have often been praised for their bladder health benefits.
A clinical trial published in Nutrition Journal demonstrated that women who consumed sweetened, dried cranberries daily for 2 weeks experienced a decrease in the incidence of urinary tract infections.
Dried cranberries are a deliciously sweet addition to trail mix, salads, or even oatmeal.
Lemon, orange, and melon juice all contain citric acid, or citrate.
Citrate helps prevent kidney stone formation by binding with calcium in urine. This inhibits the growth of calcium crystals, which can lead to kidney stones.
In addition, drinking a cup of fresh juice per day can contribute to your daily recommended fluid intake.
Brown seaweed has been studied for its beneficial effects on the pancreas, kidneys, and liver.
In a 2014 animal trial, rats fed edible seaweed for a period of 22 days showed a reduction in both kidney and liver damage from diabetes.
Try a packet of dried, seasoned seaweed the next time you’re craving a crunchy snack.
Many people believe that avoiding calcium can help prevent kidney stones. In fact, the opposite is true.
Too much urinary oxalate can lead to kidney stones. Calcium is needed to bind with oxalate to reduce the absorption and excretion of this substance.
You can meet the recommended daily intake of 1.2 grams of calcium by consuming high-calcium foods, such as:
- soy or almond milk
- fortified cereals
Hydrangea is a gorgeous flowering shrub, well known for its lavender, pink, blue, and white flowers.
A recent animal study found that extracts of Hydrangea paniculate given for 3 days offered a protective effect against kidney damage. This is likely due to the antioxidant capabilities of the plant.
Try this tea: Dr. Clark Store’s Kidney Cleanse Tea
Sambong is a tropical climate shrub, common to countries such as the Philippines and India.
In one study, researchers found that a Blumea balsamifera extract added to calcium oxalate crystals decreased the size of the crystals. This could potentially prevent the formation of kidney stones.
Vitamin B6 is an important cofactor in many metabolic reactions. B6 is required for the metabolism of glyoxylate, which can become oxalate instead of glycine if B6 is deficient.
As mentioned above, too much oxalate may lead to kidney stones.
According to the Food and Nutrition Board (FNB), adults should not exceed 100 mg a day of vitamin B6, unless they are receiving this vitamin as part of their medical treatment under a healthcare provider’s supervision.
The standard Western diet is often high in inflammatory omega-6 fatty acids and low in beneficial omega-3 fatty acids.
Research suggests that high levels of omega-6 fatty acids may lead to kidney stone formation. An increase in omega-3s can naturally decrease the metabolism of omega-6s, with the best intake ratio being 1-to-1.
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) are two of the most important omega-3 fatty acids.
Potassium is a necessary element of electrolyte balance and pH balance of urine.
Therapy with potassium citrate can potentially help reduce the formation of kidney stones, especially in people who experience recurring episodes.
For those with a history of other kidney problems, talk with your doctor before you take potassium supplements.
Supplement with a daily multivitamin or multimineral that contains potassium.
Once you’ve incorporated these foods, herbs, and supplements into your diet, you may want to consider taking your kidney support to the next level.
This sample 2-day kidney cleanse is thought to help strengthen your kidneys and detoxify your body, but there’s no research to support a cleansing action. This plan, however, uses foods to help support kidney health.
Breakfast: 8 ounces each fresh lemon, ginger, and beet juice, plus 1/4 cup sweetened, dried cranberries
Lunch: smoothie of 1 cup almond milk, 1/2 cup tofu, 1/2 cup spinach, 1/4 cup berries, 1/2 apple, and 2 tablespoons pumpkin seeds
Dinner: large mixed-greens salad with 4 ounces lean protein (chicken, fish, or tofu), topped with 1/2 cup grapes and 1/4 cup peanuts
Breakfast: smoothie of 1 cup soy milk, 1 frozen banana, 1/2 cup spinach, 1/2 cup blueberries, and 1 teaspoon spirulina
Lunch: 1 cup hot millet topped with 1 cup fresh fruit and 2 tablespoons pumpkin seeds
Dinner: large mixed-greens salad with 4 ounces lean protein (chicken, fish, or tofu), topped with 1/2 cup cooked barley and a drizzle of fresh lemon juice plus 4 ounces each unsweetened cherry juice and orange juice
Most healthy people don’t need to flush or cleanse their kidneys. Still, there are plenty of beneficial foods, herbal teas, and supplements that can support kidney health.
If you have a history of kidney problems, talk with your healthcare provider before trying a kidney cleanse. Drink plenty of fluids regardless of what you try.
If you’re looking to help your kidneys cleanse your body, try slowly incorporating some of the suggestions above.
As always, discuss any dietary or health changes with your doctor ahead of time — especially before doing a cleanse of any kind.
- Burleigh AE, et al. (2013). Consumption of sweetened, dried cranberries may reduce urinary tract infection incidence in susceptible women — a modified observational study.
- Carvalho AR, et al. (2017). Urtica spp.: Phenolic composition, safety, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities.
- Gul Z, et al. (2014). Medical and dietary therapy for kidney stone prevention.
- Institute of Medicine, et al. (2005). Chapter 4: Water. Dietary reference intakes for water, potassium, sodium, chloride, and sulfate.
- Montealegre CM, et al. (2017). Effect of Blumea balsamifera extract on the phase and morphology of calcium oxalate crystals.
- Motshakeri M, et al. (2014). Effects of brown seaweed (Sargassum polycystum) extracts on kidney, liver, and pancreas of type 2 diabetic rat model.
- Tack I. (2010). Effects of water consumption on kidney function and excretion.
- The water in you: Water and the human body. (n.d.).
- Vitamin B6: Fact sheet for health professionals. (2020).
- Wu M, et al. (2016). Resveratrol delays polycystic kidney disease progression through attenuation of nuclear factor cB-induced inflammation.
- Your kidneys and how they work. (2018).
- Zhang S, et al. (2017). Total coumarins from Hydrangea paniculata show renal protective effects in lipopolysaccharide-induced acute kidney injury via anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities.
Important Notice: This article was originally published at www.healthline.com by Eleesha Lockett, MS where all credits are due. Medically reviewed by Dominique Fontaine, BSN, RN, HNB-BC, HWNC
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